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Point-to-Point Wireless

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The point-to-point wireless topology (also called P2P) is the simplest network architecture

you can set up in order to connect two locations using a wireless radio link. Point-to-point wireless links can go from a short-range link connecting two locations just a few hundreds meters apart to a long range point-to-point wireless link that connects two locations tens of miles away from each other.

In a point to-point-wireless link, distance is affected by the height of each Ethernet radio device, the frequency used, the power level, and environmental interference.

Point-to-point wireless links are usually deployed between two locations that are in clear line of sight (LOS) with each other in other to maximise the performance of the wireless link. For point-to-point wireless links working in the license free 2.4 GHz or 5.8 ( license-free bands ) we suggest to deploy the link in clear ling of sight (LOS) because, above 2.4 GHz, line of sight (LOS) operations provide a much more reliable wireless link. Point to point wireless link at frequencies around 5875 MHz can work reliably in near line of sight (NLOS) or in non line of sight conditions (NLOS point to point wireless links).

Point-to-Multipoint Wireless

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The Point-to-Multipoint topology (also called star topology or simply P2MP) is a common network architecture for outdoor wireless networks to connect multiple locations to one single central location.

In a point-to-multipoint wireless Ethernet network, all remote locations do not communicate directly with each other but have a single connection towards the center of the star network where one or more base station is typically located.

Outdoor point-to-multipoint wireless solutions are very common both for wireless Internet service providers (WISPs) and for outdoor video-surveillance systems. In a WISP network, subscribers are connected at the edge of the network using a client device typically mounted on the roof of their house. One or more central base stations are mounted on a high building, or on a mountaintop or on a water tower in line of sight with as many client devices as possible.

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